NEW HSK Vocabulary Words

New HSK 1 Vocabulary: Your First 500 Chinese Words!

In Beginner Tutorials, NEW HSK 3.0, Practical Chinese Phrases by Angel Huang

HSK is the most widely used Chinese Proficiency test in the world.

As per the latest standards (HSK 3.0), it consists of 9 different levels. 

In this post we go over ALL of the 500 Chinese words included in the New HSK level 1 

If you're looking to learn your first 500 Chinese vocabulary words, this list from the New Standard level 1 is a great place to start 🙂

NEW HSK 1 Full Vocabulary Words (HSK 3.0)

No

Chinese

Pinyin

English

1

ài

love

2

爱好

ài hào

hobby

3

eight

4

爸爸 / 爸

bà ba / bà

dad

5

ba

Interjection particle

6

bái 

white

7

白天

bái tiān

daytime

8

bǎi

hundred

9

bān

class

10

bàn

half

11

半年

bàn nián

half a year

12

半天

bàn tiān

half day

13

bāng

help

14

帮忙

bāng máng

help

15

bāo

bag

16

包子

bāo zi

bun

17

bēi

cup

18

杯子

bēi zi

cup

19

běi

north

20

北边

běi biān

North side

21

北京

běi jīng

Beijing

22

běn 

measure word for books 

23

本子

běn zi

notebook

24

particle used for comparison

25

bié

don’t

26

别的

bié de

other

27

别人

bié rén

other people

28

bìng

disease

29

病人

bìng rén

patient

30

不大

bú dà

not big

31

不对

bú duì

wrong

32

不客气

bú kè qi

You’re welcome

33

不用

bú yòng

No need to

34

No

35

cài

dish

36

chá

tea

37

chà

differ from / bad / short of 

38

cháng

often

39

常常

cháng cháng

often

40

chàng

sing

41

唱歌

chàng gē

sing

42

chē

car

43

车票

chē piào

ticket

44

车上

chē shang

in the car

45

车站

chē zhàn

station

46

chī

eat

47

吃饭

chī fàn

have a meal

48

chū

out

49

出来

chū lái

come out

50

出去

chū qù

go out

51

穿

chuān

wear

52

chuáng

bed

53

cì 

measure word for times, frequency

54

cóng

from

55

cuò

wrong

56

dǎ 

hit / take

57

打车

dǎ chē

take a taxi

58

打电话

dǎ diàn huà

make a phone call

59

打开

dǎ kāi

turn on

60

打球

dǎ qiú

play ball

61

large / big

62

大学

dà xué

university

63

大学生

dà xué shēng

university student

64

dào

arrive

65

得到

dé dào

get

66

de

Structural Particle: most often used before a verb

or an adjective

67

de

Structural Particle: most often used for modifying nouns

68

děng

wait

69

ground

70

地点

dì diǎn

location

71

地方

dì fang

place

72

地上

dì shàng

on the ground

73

地图

dì tú

Map

74

弟弟 / 弟

dì di / dì

younger brother

75

第...

dì…

Prefix for ordinal numbers, 

e.g. first(第一 dì yī), second(第二 dì èr ) etc

76

diǎn

point / dot / o'clock 

77

diàn

electricity

78

电话

diàn huà

phone

79

电脑

diàn nǎo

computer

80

电视

diàn shì

television

81

电视机

diàn shì jī

Television

lit. "television + machine"

82

电影

diànyǐng

movie

83

电影院

diàn yǐng yuàn

cinema / movie theater

84

dōng

east

85

东边

dōng bian

east side

86

东西

dōng xi

thing

87

dòng

move

88

动作

dòng zuò

action

89

dōu

all

90

read

91

读书

dú shū

reading / study

92

duì

right

93

对不起

duì bu qǐ

I'm sorry. / sorry

94

duō

many / much / more

95

多少

duō shao

how much

96

饿

è

hungry

97

儿子

ér zi

son

98

èr

two

99

fàn

rice / meal

100

饭店

fàndiàn

restaurant

101

房间

fángjiān

room

102

房子

fáng zi

house / building

103

fàng

to put / to release / to let go

104

放假

fàng jià

holiday / have a holiday

105

放学

fàng xué

finish school / after school

106

fēi

fly

107

飞机

fēijī

plane

108

非常

fēi cháng

very

109

fēn

minute / point / part

measure word

110

fēng

wind

111

gān

dry

112

干净

gānjìng

clean

113

gàn

do

114

干什么

gàn shén me

What to do / 

What are you doing?

115

gāo

high

116

高兴

gāo xìng

happy

117

告诉

gào su

tell

118

哥哥 / 哥

gē ge / gē

elder brother

119

song

120

measure word

(classifier for people or objects in general)

121

gěi

give

122

gēn

with

123

工人

gōng rén

worker

124

工作

gōng zuò

work

125

guān

shut / close / turn off

126

关上

guān shang

close / turn off

127

guì

noble / expensive

128

guó

country / state / nation

129

国家

guó jiā

country

130

国外

guó wài

foreign / abroad

131

guò

pass

132

hái

also / still / yet

133

还是

hái shi

still / or

134

还有

hái yǒu

also / in addition / besides

135

孩子

háizi

children

136

汉语

hànyǔ

Mandarin Chinese (language)

137

汉字

hàn zì

Chinese character

138

hǎo

good

139

好吃

hǎo chī

tasty / delicious

140

好看

hǎo kàn

good looking

141

好听

hǎo tīng

pleasant to hear

142

好玩儿

hǎo wánr

fun / interesting

143

hào

number / date

144

drink

145

and

146

hěn

very

147

hòu

back / behind / after / later

148

后边

hòu bian

behind / back

149

后天

hòu tiān

the day after tomorrow

150

huā

flower

151

huà

word / words

152

huài

bad

153

huán

return / pay back

154

huí

go back / return

155

回答

huídá

answer

156

回到

huí dào

back to / return to

157

回家

huí jiā

go home / return home

158

回来

huí lái

come back / return

159

回去

huí qù

go back

160

huì

can; be able to

161

火车

huǒ chē

train

162

机场

jīchǎng

airport

163

机票

jī piào

air ticket

164

鸡蛋

jī dàn

egg

165

several / how many / how much 

166

to record / to note

167

记得

jì de

remember

168

记住

jì zhù

remember / keep in mind

169

jiā

home

170

家里

jiā lǐ

in the home / at home

171

家人

jiā rén

family / family member

172

jiān

between /

measure word for rooms

173

jiàn

see / meet

174

见面

jiàn miàn

to meet / to see each other 

175

jiāo

teach

176

jiào

call / to be called

177

教学楼

jiào xué lóu

teaching building

178

姐姐 / 姐

jiě jie / jiě

elder sister

179

介绍

jiè shào

introduce

180

今年

jīn nián

this year

181

今天

jīn tiān

today

182

jìn

enter

183

进来

jìn lái

come in

184

进去

jìn qù

go in

185

jiǔ

nine

186

jiù

as soon as / right away / then

187

觉得

jué de

think / feel

188

kāi

open

189

开车

kāi chē

drive / drive a car

190

开会

kāi huì

have a meeting

191

开玩笑

kāi wán xiào

make fun of / joke

192

kàn

see

193

看病

kàn bìng

see a doctor

194

看到

kàn dào

see

195

看见

kànjiàn

see / catch sight of

196

kǎo

test / examine

197

考试

kǎo shì

examination

198

thirsty

199

course

200

课本

kè běn

textbook

201

课文

kè wén

text

202

kǒu

mouth

203

kuài

piece /

classifier: for money (yuan)

204

kuài

fast

205

lái

come

206

来到

lái dào

come; arrive

207

lǎo

old / aged

208

老人

lǎo rén

old people / the elderly

209

老师

lǎo shī

teacher

210

le

particle (indicates the completion of an action or a change of state, etc)

211

lèi

tired

212

lěng

cold

213

in

214

里边

lǐ biān

inside

215

liǎng

two

216

líng 

zero

217

liù

six

218

lóu

floor

219

楼上

lóu shàng

upstairs

220

楼下

lóu xià

downstairs

221

road

222

路口

lù kǒu

intersection / crossing

223

路上

lù shang

on the road

224

妈妈 / 妈

mā ma / mā

mom / mother

225

马路

mǎ lù

road / street

226

马上

mǎ shàng

right away / immediately 

227

ma

question particle

228

mǎi

buy

229

màn

slow

230

máng

busy

231

máo

a fractional unit of money in China

1 毛 = 10 cents

232

méi

not / didn't

233

没关系

méi guān xi

It doesn't matter

234

没什么

méi shén me

It’s nothing

235

没事儿

méi shìr

It's okay / It's all rigtht.

236

没有

méi yǒu

to not have / there is no

237

妹妹 / 妹

mèi mei / mèi

younger sister

238

mén

door

239

门口

mén kǒu

doorway

240

门票

mén piào

tickets

241

men 

plural marker

e.g. 朋友们 péng you men (friends),老师们 lǎo shī men (teachers)

242

米饭

mǐ fàn

cooked rice

243

面包

miàn bāo

bread

244

面条儿

miàn tiáor

noodles

245

名字

míng zi

name

246

明白

míng bai

clear / to be clear /understand

247

明年

míng nián

next year

248

明天

míng tiān

tomorrow

249

take

250

which

251

哪里

nǎ lǐ

where

252

哪儿

nǎr

where

253

哪些

nǎ xiē

where (ones)

254

that

255

那边

nà bian

over there

256

那里

nà lǐ

there

257

那儿

nàr

there

258

那些

nà xiē

those

259

nǎi

milk

260

奶奶

nǎi nai

grandma

261

nán

male

262

男孩儿

nán háir

boy

263

男朋友

nán péng you

boyfriend

264

男人

nán ren

man

265

男生

nán shēng

boy

266

nán

south

267

南边

nán bian

south side

268

nán

hard / difficult

269

ne

question particle

270

néng

can

271

you

272

你们

nǐ men

you (plural)

273

nián

year

274

nín

you (formal)

275

牛奶

niú nǎi

milk

276

female

277

女儿

nǚ’ér

daughter

278

女孩儿

nǚ háir

girl

279

女朋友

nǚ péng you

girlfriend

280

女人

nǚ ren

woman

281

女生

nǚ shēng

girl

282

旁边

páng biān

beside / next to

283

pǎo

run

284

朋友

péng you

friend

285

piào

ticket

286

seven

287

get up / start / rise

288

起床

qǐ chuáng

get out of bed

289

起来

qǐ lái

get up

290

汽车

qì chē

car

291

qián

front

292

前边

qián bian

front side / in front of

293

前天

qián tiān

the day before yesterday

294

qián

money

295

钱包

qián bāo

wallet

296

qǐng

please

297

请假

qǐng jià

ask for leave

298

请进

qǐng jìn

please come in

299

请问

qǐng wèn

Excuse me / May I ask...?

300

请坐

qǐng zuò

please have a seat

301

qiú

ball

302

go

303

去年

qù nián

last year

304

heat / hot

305

rén

people / person

306

认识

rèn shi

know

307

认真

rèn zhēn

serious / to take seriously

308

sun / day / date

309

日期

rì qī

date

310

ròu

meat

311

sān

Three

312

shān

mountain

313

商场

shāng chǎng

shopping mall

314

商店

shāng diàn

shop

315

shàng

on top / above / upper / up

316

上班

shàng bān

go to work

317

上边

shàng biān

above / the top 

318

上车

shàng chē

get on (a bus, train, car etc)

319

上次

shàng cì

last time

320

上课

shàng kè

attend class / have a class

321

上网

shàng wǎng

surf the internet / be online

322

上午

shàng wǔ

morning

323

上学

shàng xué

go to school

324

shǎo

less

325

shéi

who

326

身上

shēn shàng

body / on one's body

327

身体

shēn tǐ

body

328

什么

shén me

what

329

生病

shēng bìng

fall ill / get sick

330

生气

shēng qì

get angry / angry

331

生日

shēng rì

birthday

332

shí

ten

333

时候

shí hou

time /  moment / period

334

时间

shí jiān

time

335

shì

matter / thing

336

shì

try

337

shì

yes / be

338

是不是

shì bú shì

isn't it? / yes or no?

339

shǒu

hand

340

手机

shǒu jī

cell phone

341

shū

book

342

书包

shū bāo

school bag

343

书店

shū diàn

bookstore

344

shù

tree

345

shuǐ

water

346

水果

shuǐ guǒ

fruits

347

shuì

sleep / lie down

348

睡觉

shuì jiào

go to bed / sleep

349

shuō

speak

350

说话

shuō huà

talk / speak

351

four

352

sòng

give

353

suì

years old / age

354

he / him

355

他们

tā men

they / them

356

she / her

357

她们

tā men

they / them (for females)

358

tài

too

359

tiān

day

360

天气

tiānqì

weather

361

tīng

hear

362

听到

tīng dào

hear

363

听见

tīng jiàn

hear

364

听写

tīng xiě

dictation / dictate

365

同学

tóng xué

classmate

366

图书馆

tú shū guǎn

library

367

wài

outside

368

外边

wài bian

outside

369

外国

wài guó

foreign country

370

外语

wài yǔ

foreign language

371

玩儿

wánr

play

372

wǎn

late

373

晚饭

wǎn fàn

dinner

374

晚上

wǎn shang

evening / night

375

网上

wǎng shàng

online

376

网友

wǎng yǒu

internet friend / 

friend on the internet

377

wàng

forget / overlook / neglect

378

忘记

wàng jì

forget

379

wèn

ask

380

I / me

381

我们

wǒ men

we / us

382

five

383

午饭

wǔ fàn

lunch

384

西

west

385

西边

xī biān

west / west side

386

wash

387

洗手间

xǐ shǒu jiān

restroom / washroom

388

喜欢

xǐ huan

like

389

xià

below / down / go down / get off

390

下班

xià bān

get off work / finish work

391

下边

xià bian

underside / below / under

392

下车

xià chē

get off

393

下次

xià cì

next time

394

下课

xià kè

finish class / class is over

395

下午

xià wǔ

afternoon

396

下雨

xià yǔ

rain

397

xiān

before / first

398

先生

xiān sheng

Sir / Mr.

399

现在

xiàn zài

now

400

xiǎng

think

401

xiǎo

small

402

小孩儿

xiǎo háir

child / kid

403

小姐

xiǎo jiě

Miss

404

小朋友

xiǎo péng you

child / kid

405

小时

xiǎo shí

hour

406

小学

xiǎo xué

primary school / elementary school

407

小学生

xiǎo xué shēng

primary school student  / 

elementary school student 

408

xiào

laugh

409

xiě

write

410

谢谢

xiè xie

Thank you

411

xīn

new

412

新年

xīn nián

New Year

413

星期

xīng qī

week

414

星期日

xīng qī rì

Sunday

415

星期天

xīng qī tiān

Sunday

416

xíng

That's ok / good / OK

417

休息

xiū xi

rest / take a break

418

xué

learn / study

419

学生

xué sheng

student

420

学习

xué xí

study

421

学校

xué xiào

school

422

学院

xué yuàn

college / academy

423

yào

want

424

爷爷

yé ye

grandpa

425

also

426

page

427

one

428

衣服

yī fu

clothes

429

医生

yī shēng

doctor

430

医院

yī yuàn

hospital

431

一半

yí bàn

half

432

一会儿

yí huìr

a moment / a little while / in a moment

433

一块儿

yí kuàir

together

434

一下儿

yí xiàr

(used after a verb) give it a go / 

to do (sth for a bit to give it a try)

435

一样

yí yàng

the same / equally

436

一边

yì biān

one side

437

一点儿

yī diǎnr

a little bit

438

一起

yì qǐ

together

439

一些

yì xiē

some

440

yòng

use

441

yǒu

have

442

有的

yǒu de

some

443

有名

yǒu míng

famous

444

有时候 / 有时

yǒu shí hou / yǒu shí

sometimes

445

有(一)些

yǒu ( yì ) xiē

some

446

有用

yǒu yòng

useful

447

yòu

right

448

右边

yòu bian

right side / right

449

rain

450

yuán

currency unit

(esp. Chinese yuan) 

451

yuǎn

far

452

yuè

month

453

zài

again

454

再见

zài jiàn

goodbye

455

zài

at / in

456

在家

zài jiā

at home

457

zǎo

early

458

早饭

zǎo fàn

breakfast

459

早上

zǎo shang

morning

460

怎么

zěn me

how

461

zhàn

station / stand

462

zhǎo

look for

463

找到

zhǎo dào

find

464

zhè

here 

465

这边

zhè biān

this side / here

466

这里

zhè lǐ

here

467

这儿

zhèr

here

468

这些

zhè xiē

these

469

zhe

particle: in process of

(indicating action in progress)

470

zhēn

really

471

真的

zhēn de

true / real

472

zhèng

just / exactly

473

正在

zhèng zài

in process of (doing sth) / 

just at (that time) / right in (that place) 

474

知道

zhī dào

know

475

知识

zhīshi

knowledge

476

zhōng

middle / in

477

中国

zhōng guó

China

478

中间

zhōng jiān

middle

479

中文

zhōng wén

Chinese (language)

480

中午

zhōng wǔ

noon

481

中学

zhōng xué

middle school

482

中学生

zhōng xué shēng

middle School student

483

zhòng

heavy

484

重要

zhòng yào

important

485

zhù

live

486

准备

zhǔn bèi

get ready / prepare

487

桌子

zhuō zi

table / desk

488

word / character

489

zi 

noun suffix

e.g. 桌子 zhuō zi (table) 椅子 yǐ zi (chair)

490

zǒu

go / walk

491

走路

zǒu lù

walk / take a walk

492

zuì

most

493

最好

zuì hǎo

best

494

最后

zuì hòu

last

495

昨天

zuó tiān

yesterday

496

zuǒ

left

497

左边

zuǒ bian

left side

498

zuò

sit

499

坐下

zuò xia

sit down

500

zuò

do

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